Surface attack aircraft for battlefield interdiction, close air support and reconnaissance missions. The AMX is capable of operating at high subsonic speed and low altitude, by day or night, and if necessary, from bases with poorly equipped or damaged runways. Low IR signature, reduced radar equivalent cross section and low vulnerability of structure and systems guarantee a high probability of mission sucess. Integrated ECM, air-to-air missiles and nose-mounted guns provide self-defense capabilities.
The AMX is a joint program undertaken by Alenia, Aermacchi and Embraer. It is used by the Brazilian Air Force (59 aircraft) and the Italian Air Force(107), and it will enter service with the Venezuelan Air Force (8) soon, in the advanced training role with the AMX-T variant. It has seen combat in the Kosovo Campaign in the hands of italian pilots, who call it "Ghibli". Over 250 sorties were flow, with none aircraft returning to base before the mission's completion with mechanical problems and none aircraft was lost.
Italian aircraft have a single 20mm M61 cannon, and Brazilian aircraft two 30mm DEFA cannon. A two-seat electronic warfare version is under development.
More info about the AMX
Nation of Orgin: Italy / Brazil
Function: Light attack aircraft
Length: 13.57m / 43.40 ft
Wingspan: 8.87m / 32.71 ft
Height: 4.57m / 14.92 ft
Wing Area: 21.00 m2 / 226.0 ft2
Empty Weight: 6000 kg / 14638 lb
Max weight: 11,500Kg / 28660 lb
Max external load: 8380 lb
Engine: Rolls-Royce RB.168 Spey Mk.807 turbofan
Fuel capacity: 3.555l in internal tanks (fuselage and wing); two 1,000l drop tanks in the inner wingstations and two 500l drop tanks in the outer wing stations
Speed: 1,160Km/h / M0.86
Climb rate: 3,840m/min
Service ceiling: 13,000m
Range: 890Km with 907Kg warload on a "HI-LO-HI" mission profile; 3,150Km with two external 1,000l drop tanks
Armament: One 20mm M61 cannon or Two DEFA 554 30mm cannons; 3800kg payload. 907kg on ventral station; 907kg on wings inner stations; 454kg on wings outer stations; two AAMs on wing-tip rails.