The Atlantic 1 originated in a 1957 NATO requirement (NBMR-2) for a long-range maritime reconnaissance aircaft. The winner was the Breguet Br.1150 (this company being absorbed by Dassault in 1971), fabricated by the SECBAT (Société d'Etudes et de Construction de Breguet Atlantic) consortium, which then included SABCA and SONACA in Belgium, Fokker in Holland, Dornier and MBB in West Germany, Aérospatiale in France and Aeritalia in Italy. Assembled by Breguet, the first of four prototypes was flown at Toulouse on 21 October 1961.
Carrying 12 crew, the Atlantic is equipped with Thomson-CSF search radar in a retractable bin and American ASW avionics similar to those of the Lockheed Neptune. Standard NATO stores can be carried in the 30 ft (9.15 m) unpressurised weapons bay in the lower section of the 'double bubble' fuselage, most of the external skin being light alloy sandwich. The first of 20 for the West German navy and 40 for France's Aéronavale entered service in December 1965. French aircraft served with 21F and 22F at Nîmes-Garons and 23F and 24F at Lann-Bihoué. The Aéronavale began retirement of first-generation Atlantics in 1992 and all had been retired by the late 1990s.
German Atlantics of MFG 5, Kiel-Holtenau (except for five equipped for Elint missions under the Peace Peek programme) have completed an update programme involving new Texas Instruments radar, Emerson Electric sonar and Loral ESM equipment in wingtip pods. In parallel, airframe improvements have doubled flying life to 10,000 hours. By contrast, the six survivors of nine delivered to No. 321 Squadron of the Royal Netherlands navy at Valkenburg in 1969-72 began phasing out in January 1984, replaced by P-3Cs. Italy's 18 Atlantics were supplied between June 1972 and July 1974 to complete production, and are operated by 30° Stormo at Cagliari/Elmas and 41° Stormo at Catania/Sigonella on patrols of the Mediterranean. Pakistan obtained three from the French navy in 1975-76; wearing 'navy' titles, these are flown by No. 29 Squadron of the Pakistan air force from Sharea Faisal (Drigh Road).
Nation of Orgin: France
Constructor: Dassault Aviation
Type: maritime recon
Wing span: 36.30 m (119 ft 1 in)
Wing area: 120.34 m2 (1,295.37 sq ft)
Length 31.75 m (104 ft 2 in)
Height 11.33 m (37 ft 2 in)
Max t-o weight: 44500 kg (98,104 lb)
Powerplant: two Rolls-Royce Tyne RTy.20 Mk 21 each rated at 6,100 ehp (4549 ekW)
Max speed: 658 km/h (355 kt; 409 mph)
Max cruising speed: 556 km/h (300 kt; 345 mph)
patrol speed: 315 km/h (170 kt; 196 mph)
Range: 9000 km (4,856 nm; 5,592 miles)
Endurance: 18 hours
Ceiling 10000 m (32,810 ft)
Armament: 3500 kg (7,716 lb) torpedoes, depth charges, bombs and anti ship missiles